27 Dec Cádiz, Spain
Cádiz, a city located in South Spain, is a millenarian city. It is actually the oldest city in Europe. Its strategic geographical location has had a great influence in its history. The city of Cádiz is located just between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. It is actually known as ´the silver little cup´ due to the silver colour of its sea. According to the classic literature, Cádiz was conquered by Tirios a few years after the Trojan war in 1,104 BC.
Romans lived in Cádiz until it was conquered by Visigoths during the third century. Byzantines, people known as the western Roman empire, conquered the city in 522, but they did not enjoy the Cádiz for very long because it was reconquered by the Byzantines a few years later, in 620.
In 711, Muslims took Cádiz and most of the Iberian peninsula. It was in 1,264 when the Christians overcame. Then, the city was added to the territories of the Crown of Castile.
The establishment of the Spanish Constitution of 1,812 is one of the most important events in the history of Cádiz. The Spaniards nicknamed the Constitution La Pepa, possibly because it was adopted on Saint Joseph’s Day, ‘Pepa’ being a nickname for ‘Josephine’.